The BMRDA revised masterplan — Bangalore Metropolitan Region Revised Structure Plan 2031 — which has projected a population of 18 million in the next 14 years, has warned of a huge reduction in agricultural lands and forest zone and has come up with a less conurbation area.
While the Floor Area Ratio has been restricted to 0.5, the water bodies and natural valleys, including Thippagondanahalli reservoir catchment area have been fixed as high buffer zones. It is projected that by 2031, Bangalore Metropolitan Region will have a population of 18 million with 75% concentrated under BBMP area.
The proposed urbanisable zone will extend (including existing settlements) up to the areas adjoining the agricultural patches where Kharif lands and wastelands are situated. The masterplan has projected that certain agricultural patches are likely to be transformed into urban areas, and two such blocks in the Bidadi area have been earmarked.
Under the conservation zone, the region’s ecologically sensitive areas, natural corridors, prime agricultural lands along adjoining valleys, water bodies and green belt around BBMP area have been mapped, and strict guidelines have been laid to not allow any urbanisation in these areas. However, with development, the region will also face challenges, including that of transport facilities which will be unable to sustain the process of expansion of the towns and cities in the Bangalore Metropolitan Region.
Then there is the high level of congestion and environmental deterioration due to increase in private vehicle ownership, especially in Bengaluru urban district. Also, parts of the proposed Peripheral Ring Road and satellite town ring road alignment fall in the environmentally-sensitive areas in the Bangalore Metropolitan Region. The alignment of PRR is in close proximity to the NICE peripheral corridor; alignment of the Inner Ring Road is also in close proximity to both the satellite town ring roads and PRR towards the east.
However, the BMR Revised Structure Plan 2013 is also looking at some positives for traffic diversions — the upcoming new airport at Hosur will alter the passenger movement to and from Devanahalli which will get diverted; there is potential to extend Metro beyond Bengaluru to cater to the population outside the city limits and high potential to lay alternative mass transport system by rail networks to interlink all towns in the region.
The structure plan has identified towns falling under the Bangalore Metropolitan Region for niche areas of development — Ramanagaram/Channapatna as centre for excellence in education; Bidadi-Harohalli as regional park and recreational facilities; Doddballapur — fashion hub and regional commercial centre; Anekal as education complex, Kanakapura — agri-based integrated facility and Magadi for agri-based processing facility.
Credits Bangalore Mirror