India and the US have stressed on cooperation on cyber issues, including promoting closer cooperation between their law enforcement agencies to combat cyber crime and share information on a real time on malicious cyber security threats. The two countries will establish appropriate mechanisms to improve such information sharing.
A fact sheet on the framework for the US-India Cyber Relationship, issued during the visit of Prime Minister Narendra Modi here on Tuesday, says that cooperation on cyber issues is a key component of the bilateral relationship between India and the US.
Both sides recognise the value of enhancing and further institutionalizing their broad-based cooperation on cyber issues, and in that respect, intend to complete a framework based on the following shared principles and intended forms of cooperation. Here is what the two countries are going to do.
Share information on a real time or near real time basis, when practical and consistent with existing bilateral arrangements, about malicious cyber security threats, attacks and activities, and establishing appropriate mechanisms to improve such information sharing.
Develop joint mechanisms for practical cooperation to mitigate cyber threats to the security of ICT infrastructure and information contained therein consistent with their respective obligations under domestic and international law.
Elaborate and implementing practical measures that contribute to the security of ICT infrastructure on a voluntary and mutual basis.
Continue to promote cooperation between law enforcement agencies to combat cyber crime including through training workshops, enhancing dialogue and processes and procedures, and setting up consultations as needed.
Improve the capacity of law enforcement agencies through joint training programs, including equipping them to draft appropriate requests for electronic evidence in accordance with the respective laws and regulations of the United States and India.
Undertake skill development and capacity building programs jointly in the fields of cyber security, efforts to combat cyber crime, digital forensics, and legal frameworks.
Promote the applicability of international law to state conduct in cyberspace and further exploring how it applies to state conduct in cyberspace.
Promote voluntary norms of responsible state behavior in peacetime, including the norms identified by the UN Group of Governmental Experts in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International security.
They two countries are also committing to voluntary norms.
— A state should not conduct or knowingly support online activity that intentionally damages critical infrastructure or otherwise impairs the use of critical infrastructure to provide services to the public.
— A state should not conduct or knowingly support activity intended to prevent national CSIRTs from responding to cyber incidents. States should also not use CSIRTs to enable online activity that is intended to do harm.
— A state should cooperate, in a manner consistent with its domestic law and international obligations, with requests for assistance from other States in investigating cyber crimes, collecting electronic evidence and mitigating malicious cyber activity emanating from its territory.
— A state should not conduct or knowingly support ICT-enabled theft of intellectual property, including trade secrets or other confidential business information, with the intent of providing competitive advantages to companies or commercial sectors.
— Developing a common and shared understanding of international cyber stability, and destabilizing cyber activity.
— Discussing and sharing strategies to promote the integrity of the supply chain to enhance user’s confidence in the security of ICT products and services.
— Continuing to promote dialogue on incident response best practices.
— Facilitating joint tabletop exercises covering priority cyber security scenarios to advance specific cooperation.
— Supporting the multistakeholder model of Internet governance.
— Continuing our dialogue and engagement in Internet governance fora, including ICANN, IGF and other venues, and to support active participation by all stakeholders of the two countries in these fora.
— Holding consultations and taking steps towards improving the effectiveness of transnational cyber crime cooperation.
— Strengthening critical Internet infrastructure in India.
— Working to ensure shared understanding of technology access policy, including dual use technologies sought to be controlled by either country, including through such mechanisms as the bilateral High Technology Cooperation Group.
The complete Framework for the US-India Cyber Relationship, is expected to be signed within 60 days.
Credits India Today